Did you Know,How to edit Multiple Local Group Policy Objects (MLGPO) in Windows Vista?

Most of us (Windows Administrators) are used to the idea of the Windows Client computers (Windows XP etc) having one Local Group Policy object that contains the policy settings for the local Computer and those that apply to the local users.

Well, Welcome to Multiple Group Policy Objects (MLGPO) in Windows Vista.

Windows Vista SP1 contains 3 different types of Local Group Policy Objects (hence called Multiple LGPOs):

  1. Local Computer Policy – This is our most familiar type of the Local GPO that is the same as in earlier versions of Windows. This contains settings that apply to Local Computer and all local users on the computer including local administrators. This is the only GPO that contains settings that can be applied to the local computer, and is thus mostly used as a GPO for local computer settings. You can create and edit the Local Computer policy in the following way:
  1. Open MMC (mmc.exe) with rights of a local administrator.
  2. Select File-> Add/Remove Snap-in
  3. Select Group Policy Object from the list of available snap-ins and click Add.
  4. Select Local Computer (selected by default).
  5. Click Finish.

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2. Administrators and non-administrators Local Group Policy – This policy contains only user settings for groups of users i.e. it divides the users into 2 types of groups- Administrators (members of local Administrators group) and non-admins (all other users). It has 2 MLGPOs (1 for Admins group and 1 for non-admins). These GPOs do not contain any Computer Settings. You can create and edit the MLGPO for Admins or non-admins in the following way:

  1. Open MMC (mmc.exe) with rights of a local administrator.
  2. Select File-> Add/Remove Snap-in
  3. Select Group Policy Object from the list of available snap-ins and click Add.
  4. Click Browse.
  5. Select Users tab.
  6. Select Administrators or Non-Administrators from the list and click OK.
  7. Click Finish.

                           image

3. User-specific Local Group Policy – So here is the news!! You can now apply a GPO only to a specific user! This GPO contains only user settings that can be applies to a specific user on the local computer. It does not contain any computer settings. However, you still cannot apply a GPO to a security group other than the local administrators (as discussed above). This means that you cannot create a local group (of certain specific users) and apply a GPO to it. You can create and edit a Local GPO for a specific user on the local computer in the following way:

  1. Open MMC (mmc.exe) with rights of a local administrator.
  2. Select File-> Add/Remove Snap-in
  3. Select Group Policy Object from the list of available snap-ins and click Add.
  4. Click Browse.
  5. Select Users tab.
  6. Select the name of the user you wish to apply the GPO to, from the list and click OK.
  7. Click Finish.

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MLGPOs Processing Order

We all know that the Group Policy processing is traditionally done in the following order for a particular user (member of a domain):

  1. Local Computer Policy
  2. Site GPOs
  3. Domain GPOs
  4. OU GPOs

Now that Multiple Local Group Policy objects exist on the local computer, the following order is applied to the GPO processing:

  1. Local Computer Policy
  2. Administrators and non-administrators Local Group Policy (user settings only)
  3. User-Specific Local Group Policy (user settings only)
  4. Site GPOs
  5. Domain GPOs
  6. OU GPOs

40 thoughts on “Did you Know,How to edit Multiple Local Group Policy Objects (MLGPO) in Windows Vista?”

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