Migration using User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0

You can use Windows® User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0 to streamline and simplify user state migration during large deployments of Windows Vista® and Windows® 7 operating systems. USMT captures user accounts, user files, operating system settings, and application settings, and then migrates them to a new Windows® installation. USMT 4.0 is a Microsoft application intended for administrators who are performing large-scale automated deployments. For deployment to a small number of computers or for individually customized deployments, you can use Windows Easy Transfer.

USMT Components

Component Explanation

ScanState.exe

The ScanState tool scans the source computer, collects the files and settings, and then creates a store. ScanState does not modify the source computer. By default, it compresses the files and stores them as a migration store. ScanState copies files into a temporary location and then into the migration store.

LoadState.exe

The LoadState tool migrates the files and settings, one at a time, from the store to a temporary location on the destination computer. The files are decompressed, and decrypted if necessary, during this process. Next, LoadState transfers the file to the correct location, deletes the temporary copy, and begins migrating the next file.

Migration .xml files

The .xml files used by USMT for migrations are the MigApp.xml, MigUser.xml, or MigDocs.xml and any custom .xml files that you create.

Config.xml

If you want to exclude components from the migration, you can create and modify the Config.xml file using the /genconfig option with the ScanState tool. This optional file has a different format from the migration .xml files because it does not contain migration rules. The Config.xml file contains a list of the components that can be migrated. You specify migrate = "no" for the components you want to exclude from the migration. Additionally, this file can be used to control some migration options new to USMT 4.0.

Component Manifests for Windows Vista and Windows 7

When the source or destination computer is running Windows Vista or Windows 7, the component-manifest files control which operating system settings are migrated and how they are migrated. These files are located on computers running Windows Vista and Windows 7, and you cannot modify them. If you want to exclude certain operating system settings when the source computer is running Windows Vista or Windows 7, you will need to create and modify a Config.xml file.

Down-level Manifest files

When the source computer is running a supported version of Windows XP, these manifest files control which operating-system and Windows® Internet Explorer® settings are migrated and how they are migrated. For example, when the destination computer is running Windows Vista, the ScanState tool collects the data using the down-level manifest files, and then the LoadState tool migrates the data using the corresponding component manifest files for Windows Vista or Windows 7. The down-level manifest files are not used with the LoadState tool.

USMT internal files

All other .dll, .xml, .dat, .mui, and .inf files that are included with USMT are for internal use. You cannot modify these files.

 

Common Migration Scenarios

You use Windows® User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0 when hardware and/or operating system upgrades are planned for a large number of computers. USMT manages the migration of an end-user’s digital identity by capturing the user’s operating-system settings, application settings, and personal files from a source computer and reinstalling them after the upgrade has occurred.

One common scenario, when only the operating system is being upgraded is referred to as PC refresh. A second common scenario is known as PC replacement, where one piece of hardware is being replaced, typically by newer hardware and a newer operating system.

PC Refresh

The following diagram shows a PC refresh migration, also known as a computer refresh migration. First, the administrator migrates the user state from a source computer to an intermediate store. After installing the operating system, the administrator migrates the user state back to the source computer.

Diagram of PC Refresh migration scenario

PC Replacement

The following diagram shows a PC replacement migration. First, the administrator migrates the user state from the source computer to an intermediate store. After installing the operating system on the destination computer, the administrator migrates the user state from the store to the destination computer.

Diagram of PC Replacement migration scenario

Installing the USMT

You can install the User State Migration Tool from the Windows AIK (Automated Installation Kit) that can be downloaded here, on any computer running a supported operating system such as Windows Vista or Windows 7. After the Windows AIK is installed, you can copy USMT files and tools to other computers in your organization.

  1. On a computer running an operating system that is supported by Windows AIK, insert the Windows AIK DVD into the DVD-ROM drive.
    The Setup program automatically starts.

    Note
    If the Setup program does not start automatically, in Windows Explorer, browse to the DVD drive containing the Windows AIK DVD, and then click StartCD.exe. Click Windows AIK Setup to begin the installation

  2. Follow the online instructions.
  3. Copy all of the contents of C:Program FilesWindows AIKToolsUSMT<architecture> to a network share or USB port. <architecture> can be either x86 or amd64. For example, at a command prompt, type:

    xcopy c:Program FilesWindows AIKToolsUSMTx86 \fileserverUSMTx86

  4. Copy the USMT files and tools to the source computer. For example, on the source computer, at a command prompt, type:

    xcopy \fileserverUSMTx86 c:USMT

    Note
    Only the ScanState tool is supported on Windows XP for USMT 4.0. Other USMT and Windows AIK tools, such as LoadState and Windows System Image Manager (Windows SIM), are not supported on Windows XP. To use the Windows AIK to create an answer file or a customized Windows image for deployment, you must install the Windows AIK on a computer running a supported operating system.

Migrating from Windows XP to Windows 7 using USMT

Learn how to use the User State Migration Tool (USMT) to migrate user files and settings from Windows XP to Windows 7 using a default installation.

 

9 thoughts on “Migration using User State Migration Tool (USMT) 4.0”

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